What Is Cervical Spondylosis? Its Causes & Treatments

What Is Cervical Spondylosis? Its Causes & Treatments

Neck pain is a common complaint experienced by many adults as the result of aging or irregular lifestyle. This is often due to our cervical spine degenerating with the age resulting in stiffness of muscles pain and arthritis in the body. When arthritis happens in the neck, it is known as neck arthritis or in medical terms as cervical spondylosis. A noteworthy thing to remember is cervical spondylosis is often not life-threatening. In this blog, we will discuss its causes, symptoms, and treatments that are available for cervical spondylosis.\

Cervical Spondylosis Causes

As we age, degeneration with bones occurs and the intervertebral discs located between our spinal disks will start to lose their lubricant or moisture content, reducing the shock absorption and other vital abilities.

 When this occurs, it causes a collapse in disk spaces as well as the shortening of it. With this poor shock absorption capability, wear and tear will take place and it will cause the cartilages to wear off fastly, resulting in the direct abrasion between the bones. The body of yours with its defence mechanism tries to prevent this and will not allow for this to happen and thus, it grows new bones. Over a span of time, bone overgrowth or bone spurs might occur and this will often be the cause of spinal stenosis.

 

Symptoms Of Cervical Spondylosis

 

As everybody is built different people will experience varied sets of symptoms ranging from mild to severe. It can get worse, however from doing even normal actions such as stretching or lifting the head.

Some common symptoms include:

 

  • Experiencing pain and stiffness in the back and neck which gets more amplified through actions, 
  • Numbness in the arms and hands which is an indication of nerve injury, migraines, and muscle spasms.
  • Loss of Balance, Uneasy in walking
  • Weakness In the legs and hands
  • Severe Headaches 
  • Stiffness In Neck 
  • Immobility in the neck, and limbs

Treatments

Treatment is divided into 2 groups namely surgical and non-surgical with the latter being most preferred. Non-surgical treatments include medication from your doctor and physiotherapy. Especially Physiotherapy which proves to be more fruitful as it aims to strengthen those weak muscles and correct the body's alignment. The timing of course on the level of injury but is often scheduled for thrice a week for at least 8 -10 weeks. During this, medication is also prescribed to help aid and combat inflammation and reduce pain to a tolerable level. Non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxing devices are the usual few options to help control pain.

Surgical treatments on the other hand are often the last resort meant for severe cases for especially those who are suffering from extreme pain and no other non-surgical treatments have failed. This is due to the high risk involved in the surgery and the high cost involved, which makes it almost impossible financially for many. 

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